PART II – READING COMPREHENSIONRead the following passages and choose the best answer ( A, B, C or D ) to each question.Passage 1 ( Questions 41- 45)
Most educational specialists believe that early schooling should provide children with an awareness of their own abilities and the self – confidence to use these abilities. One approach recognized by many experts as promoting these qualities is the Montessori method, first practiced by Maria Montessori of Italy in the early 1990s. Nancy McCormick Rambusch is credited with popularizing the method in the United States, where today there are over 400 Montessori schools. The method helps children learn for themselves by providing them instructional materials and tasks that facilitate acts of discovery and manipulation. Through such exploration, children develop their sense of touch and learn how to do everyday tasks without adult assistance. Other benefits include improvement in language skills, and acquaintance with elements of science, music, and art.
41. What is the main purpose of this passage?
A. To explain the role of early education in child development
B. To desenbe the development of the Montessori method
C. To discuss the life and work of Maria Montessori
D. To demonstrate how children learn social and culrural values
42. According to the passage, who was first responsible for spreading the Montessori method in the United States?
A. Nancy McCormick Rambusch
B. A prominent educational expert
C. Maria Montessori
D. An administrator in the Department of Education
43. In line 7, the word “facilitate” is closest in meaning to which of the following?
44. Which of the following I NOT mentioned as a benefit of the Montesson method?
A. Development of tactile senses
B. Improvement of language a bility
C. Capacity to perform adult tasks
D. Knowledge of arls and sciences
45. The author of this passage probably feels that the Montesson method
A. has little long-lasting benefit for children
B. will lose its populanty in the United States
C. does not accomplish what it claims to achieve
D. is an effective means of child educationPassage 2 ( Questions 46-50)
Samnel Morse accomplished something that is rarely accomplished, he achieved fame and success in two widely differing are as. Throughout his youth he studied art, and after grduating from Yale University he went to London in 1811 where his early artistic endeavors met with acclaim in London he was awarded the gold medal of the Adelphi Arts Society for a elay figure of Hercules, and his paintings The Dying Hercules and The Judgemem of Jupiter were selected for exhihit by the Royal Academy. Later in llife, after remming to America, Morse became known for his portraits. His portraits of the Marquis de Lafayene today are on exhibit in the New York City Hall and the New York public Library.
In addition to his artistic accomplishments. Morse is also well known todayfor his work developing the telegraph and what is known as Morse Code. He first had the idea of trying to develop the telegraph in 1832, on board a ship rerurning to America from Europe. It took eleven long years of ridicule by his associates, disinterest by the public, and a shortage of funds before Congress finally allocated $ 30000 to Morse for his projec. With these funds, Morse hung a telegraph line from Washington, D, C, to Baltimore, and on May 24, 1844, message in the dots and dashes of Morse Code was successfully transmitted.
46. Which of the following is the best topic of this passage?
A. Samuel Morse’s artistic talents
B. to use of Morse Code in art.
C. The invention of the telegraph.
D. Samuel Morse’s varied successes.
47. According to the passage, in his early life, Morse concentrated on preparing for which of the following careers?
A. A career as an inventor
B. Acareer as an artist
C. A career as a telegraph operator
D. A career developing Morse Code
48. According to the passage, Morse won a prize for which of the following works?
A. A statue of Hercules
B. The Dying Hercules
C. The Judgement of Jupiter
D. A portrait of Lafayette
49. According to the passage, which of the following best deseribes the development of the telegraph?
A. It was a long and difficult process.
B. It happened almost overnight.
C. Morse’s friends were highly supportive of his work.
D. Money was not an issue in the development of the telegraph.
50. How was the first telegraph message sent from Washington to Baltimore?
A. Avoice was transmitted over the wires.
B. The telegraph line carried a written message.
C. The message was in a special code developed by Morse.
D. Funds were transmitted from Washington to Baltimore.Passage 3 ( Questions 51-55 )
Though harvesting ice is not a new concept, recently it has been considered in a new way. Scientists have been studying this idea of harvesting ice as a possible solution to the problem of the world’s dwindling fresh water supply. Ninety percent of the earth’s fresh water is in the icecap of Antarctica. If only 10 percent of that ice could be towed to civilization, it could provide water for 500 million people. But the problem, of conrse, is one of melting. How can a giant iceberg be towed across the sea without melting? The answer could lie in enclosing the floating ice in a huge cylindrical container made of a high -strength synthetic fabric. If the iceberg were nudged into the fabric container, which is opened at both ends, then the ends could be sealed and the sea water pumped out. After that it could be towed to civilization. The melting rate would be slowed down and the synthetic cocoon would act as a holding tank for the water. Engineering this project, which might include a contamer up to one kilometer in length and 100 meters in diameter, would be a feat, but engineers say it is possible. After all, fishermen in North Australia sometimes use nets 8 kilometers long and 20 meters across.
51. The word “concept”
in line 1 is most similar to which of the following?
52. Of all the earth’s water, the icecaps of Antarctica contain
A. 10 percent of the fresh water
B. 10 diminish the speed of melting
C. 90 percent of the fresh water
D. 90 percent of the salt water
53. According to the passage, the purpose of the fabric container is to
A. protect the ice
B. diminish the speed of melting
C. cause the ice to float
D. pump out the sea water
54. The word “ sealed” as used in line 9 is most similar in meaning to
55. The purpose of the last sentence is to
A. reinforce the feasibility of the project
B. compare fishermen to engineers
C. contrast iceberg containers and fishing nets
D. define the size of the containerPassage 4 ( Questions 56-60)
The planet Earth is 4,600 million years old. It is difficult for us to think about such an enormous length of time because it has little meaning for us. We can, however, simplify the idea to make it more understandable. We can compare the planet Earth to a person of forty six years of age.
Nothing is known about the first seven years of this person’s life. Very little information exists about the middle period either. It was only at the age of forty-two that the Earth began to flower.
Dinosaurs and great reptiles did not appear until one year ago, when the planer was forty-five. Mammals only arrived eight months ago. In the middle of last week, man-like apes became ape-like men and began to communicate with each other. Last weekend, the Ice Age covered the Earth.
Modern man has only been around for four hours. During the last hour man discovered agriculcure. The Industrial Revolution and the rise of large cities began just sixty seconds ago.
During that short time, modern man has made a rubbish tip of the Earth. In one minute, he has increased his numbers to temble proportions, and has caused the death of hundreds of species of animals. He has robbed and destroyed the planet in his search for fuels. Now he stands, like a violent, spoilt child, delighted at the speed of his rise to power, on the edge of the final mass destruction and of killing all the life which exists in the solar system.
56. The passage tells us that
A. a great deal is known about how the Earth was created.
B. life on Earth began relatively recently.
C. more is known about the first part of the Earth’s life than the middle part.
D. scientists are well-informed about the middle part of the Earth’s life.
57. We are informed by the author that
A. the dinosaurs appeared during the middle period.
B. mammals and great reptiles both appeared at the same time
C. there were more than forty-five kinds of great reptiles
D. ape-like men appeared before the last Ice Age.
58. The author is mainly interested in
A. the time when man first evolved from apes.
B. what has happened since the Industrial Revolution
C. the effects of farming.
D. the period before the last Ice Age.
59. It would appear that the main danger ahead is that
A. man will destroy everything on Earth.
B. man will use up all the fuels.
C. there will be a population explosion.
D. more species of animal may die out.
60. The word “it” in line 2 refers to…
A. the planet
B. the Earth
C. the length of time
D. the ideaPART III – GUIDED WRITINGSection A : SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONFinish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it.
61. Jane’s hair isn’t as long as Helen’s.
Helen’s hair is _________________________________
62. What are your plans for the summer?
What do you intend _________________________________ ?
63. They are building a new museum in the city center.
A new museum _________________________________
64. Lan felt unhappy and she cried.
Lan felt so _________________________________
65. Despite the heat, Diane wore her winter clothes.
Although it _________________________________
66. “Why have you tnrned off the television?” Ellen asked me.
Ellen asked me _________________________________
67. I think you should go to the doctor.
If I were _________________________________
68. I find studying all night rather difficult.
I’m not used _________________________________
69. What Sally saw is difficult to describe.
It’s difficult _________________________________
70. The last time I saw Phong was in 1990.
I haven’t _________________________________ Section B : SENTENCE BUILDINGMake all the changes and additions hecessary to produce complete sentences.
71. Last / summer / friend / Charles / Invite / me / stay / him.
72. Winter / before / last / be / long / hard / cold.
73. Price / small bar / chocolate / those days / be / two / pence.
74. Conservationists / very much concerned / deforestation.
75. Without the atmosphere / living things / survive / this planet.
76. The cat was / expensive / we / expect.
77. She regrets / not / invite him.
78. The man / son / I often play / a taxi driver.
79. I / have / washing machine / fix / yesterday.
80. I / tired / listen / your stories.
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